Affiliations: Department of Neurosurgery, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA | Department of Neurology, Central University Hospital, Grenoble, France | Department of Neurosurgery, Central University Hospital, Grenoble, France
Note:  Corresponding author: Dr. Taylor J. Abel, Department of Neurosurgery, University of Iowa, 200 Hawkins Dr., Iowa City, IA 52245, USA. Tel.: +1 319 356 2771; Fax: +1 319 353 6605; E-mail: [email protected]
Abstract: Stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) is a technique for invasive localization of the epileptogenic zone that involves percutaneous placement of stereotactically targeted depth electrodes for simultaneous recording from neocortical and subcortical brain structures. Although SEEG has been utilized in Europe and Canada for many years, it is beginning to gain traction throughout the Americas as it allows simultaneous recording from both superficial and deep brain structures through a percutaneous approach. The purpose of this manuscript is to review the use of SEEG as it relates specifically to localization of the epileptogenic zone in pediatric epilepsy surgery. We review the literature to describe the history, indications, surgical technique, outcomes, and complications of SEEG.
Keywords: Epilepsy, seizures, pediatrics, extratemporal epilepsy, epileptogenic zone