Affiliations: [a] Institut NeuroMyoGène, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, CNRS UMR 2310, INSERM U1217, Université Lyon, Villeurbanne, France
| [b] Department of Biosciences, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
Correspondence to: Bénédicte Chazaud, Institut NeuroMyoGène, Faculté de Médecine, 8 Avenue Rockefeller, F-69008 Lyon, France. Tel.: +334 26 68 82 49; E-mail: [email protected].
Abstract: Background:The mdx-C57/B6 mouse model does not show the clinical signs of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), although muscles exhibit hallmarks of permanent regeneration and alterations in muscle function. The DMDmdx4Cv strain exhibits very few revertant dystrophin positive myofibers, making that model suitable for studies on gene and cell therapies. Objective:The study appraises the histological evolution of the Tibialis Anterior muscle of WT and DMD mdx4Cv mutant from 1 to 24 months. Methods:Histological analysis included a series of immunostainings of muscle sections for assessing tissue features (fibrosis, lipid deposition, necrosis) and cellular characteristics (size of myofibers, number and distribution of myonuclei, number of satellite cells, vessels, macrophages). Results:None of the investigated cell types (satellite cells, endothelial cells, macrophages) showed variations in their density within the tissue in both WT and DMD mdx4Cv muscle. However, analyzing their number per myofiber showed that in DMD mdx4Cv, myofiber capillarization was increased from 1 to 6 months as compared with WT muscle, then dropped from 12 months. Macrophage number did not vary in WT muscle and peaked at 6 months in DMD mdx4Cv muscle. The number of satellite cells per myofiber did not vary in WT muscle while it remained high in DMD mdx4Cv muscle, starting to decrease from 12 months and being significantly lower at 24 months of age. Myofiber size was not different in DMD mdx4Cv from WT except at 24 months, when it strongly decreased in DMD mdx4Cv muscle. Necrosis and lipid deposition were rare in DMD mdx4Cv muscle. Fibrosis did not increase with age in DMD mdx4Cv muscle and was higher than in WT at 6 and 12 months of age. Conclusions:As a whole, the results show a strong decrease of the myofiber size at 24 months, and an increased capillarization until 6 months of age in DMD mdx4Cv as compared with the WT. Thus, DMD mdx4Cv mice poorly recapitulates histological DMD features, and its use should take into account the age of the animals according to the purpose of the investigation.