Affiliations: Department of Neurology, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (FMUSP), São Paulo, Brazil
Correspondence to: Edmar Zanoteli, Department of Neurology, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Av. Dr. Enéas de Carvalho Aguiar, 255, 5 andar, sala 5084, Cerqueira César, 05403-900, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Tel.:/Fax: +55 11 26 61 7878; E-mail: [email protected].
Abstract: BackgroundSpinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a motor neuron disease associated with progressive muscle weakness and motor disability. ObjectiveThis study aims to report the evaluation of nusinersen, an antisense oligonucleotide, on motor function in patients with SMA types 2 and 3. MethodsThis single-center retrospective observational study assessed nusinersen therapy outcomes, measured by HSMFSE or CHOP-INTEND scales, in patients with SMA types 2 and 3, compared to untreated patients, for at least 24 months. ResultsA total of 41 patients with SMA types 2 and 3 under nusinersen treatment were included. In 30 treated patients (mean age: 10.6 years; 14 with SMA type 2), the mean change in HFMSE scores was +1.47 points (SD = 0.4) and +1.60 points (SD = 0.6) after 12 and 24 months of treatment, respectively. In contrast, the control group (N = 37) (mean age: 10.2 years; 20 with SMA type 2) presented a mean change of −1.71 points (SD = 0.02) and −3.93 points (SD = 0.55) after 12 and 24 months of follow-up, respectively. The most severe patients under nusinersen treatment (N = 11) showed a change of +2.37 (SD = 1.13) on the CHOP-INTEND scale after 12 months of follow-up. Disease duration at the beginning of treatment was the main predictor of functional improvement. Despite functional gain and motor stabilization, treatment with nusinersen did not prevent the progression of scoliosis. ConclusionsOur data provide evidence for the long-term safety and efficacy of nusinersen use in the treatment of later-onset SMA, and patients with shorter disease duration showed better response to treatment.