Affiliations: [a] Physiology and Bosch Institute, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
| [b] Anatomy and Histology and Bosch Institute, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
| [c] Department of Molecular Medicine, Concord Hospital, Sydney, Australia
| [d] Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia
Correspondence to: William D. Phillips, Physiology and Bosch Institute, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia. Tel.: +61 2 93514598; Fax: +61 2 93512058; E-mail: [email protected].
Abstract: Background: The L25 mouse line was generated by random genomic insertion of a lens-specific transgene. Inbreeding of L25 hemizygotes revealed an unanticipated spastic phenotype in the hind limbs. Objective: The goals were to characterize the motor phenotype in the L25 mice and to map the transgene insert site within the mouse genome. Methods: Six pairs of L25+/– mice were repeatedly mated. Beginning at weaning, all progeny were inspected for body weight and motor signs twice weekly until they displayed predefined ethical criteria for termination. The transgene insert site was determined by whole genome sequencing. Western blotting was used to compare the expression levels of beta-IV spectrin protein in the brain. Results: Matings of hemizygous L25+/– × L25+/– mice yielded 20% (29/148) affected weanlings, identified by an abnormal retraction of the hind limbs when lifted by the tail, and a fine tremor. Affected mice were less mobile and grew more slowly than wild-type littermates. All affected mice required termination due to >15% loss of body weight (50% survival age 92 days). At the endpoint, mice showed varying degrees of spastic paresis or spastic paralysis localised to the hind limbs. Motor endplates remained fully innervated. Genome sequencing confirmed that the transgene was inserted in the locus of βIV spectrin of L25 mice. Western blotting indicated that this random insertion had greatly reduced the expression of βIV spectrin protein in the affected L25 mice. Conclusions: The results confirm the importance of βIV spectrin for maintaining central motor pathway control of the hind limbs, and provide a developmental time course for the phenotype.
Keywords: Spectrin, hereditary spastic paraplegia, mice, hind limb