You are viewing a javascript disabled version of the site. Please enable Javascript for this site to function properly.
Go to headerGo to navigationGo to searchGo to contentsGo to footer
In content section. Select this link to jump to navigation

Reviewing Large LAMA2 Deletions and Duplications in Congenital Muscular Dystrophy Patients


Background: Congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD) type 1A (MDC1A) is caused by recessive mutations in laminin-α2 (LAMA2) gene. Laminin-211, a heterotrimeric glycoprotein that contains the α2 chain, is crucial for muscle stability establishing a bond between the sarcolemma and the extracellular matrix. More than 215 mutations are listed in the locus specific database (LSDB) for LAMA2 gene (May 2014). Objective: A limited number of large deletions/duplications have been reported in LAMA2. Our main objective was the identification of additional large rearrangements in LAMA2 found in CMD patients and a systematic review of cases in the literature and LSDB. Methods: In four of the fifty-two patients studied over the last 10 years, only one heterozygous mutation was identified, after sequencing and screening for a frequent LAMA2 deletion. Initial screening of large mutations was performed by multiplex ligation-dependent probe application (MLPA). Further characterization implied several techniques: long-range PCR, cDNA and Southern-blot analysis. Results: Three novel large deletions in LAMA2 and the first pathogenic large duplication were successfully identified, allowing a definitive molecular diagnosis, carrier screening and prenatal diagnosis. A total of fifteen deletions and two duplications previously reported were also reviewed. Two possible mutational “hotspots” for deletions may exist, the first encompassing exons 3 and 4 and second in the 3′ region (exons 56 to 65) of LAMA2. Conclusions: Our findings show that this type of mutation is fairly frequent (18.4% of mutated alleles) and is underestimated in the literature. It is important to include the screening of large deletions/duplications as part of the genetic diagnosis strategy.