Affiliations: [a] Section of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, University of Manitoba, Children’s Hospital, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada | [b] Faculty of Health Disciplines, Athabasca University, Athabasca, Alberta, Canada | [c] Section of Pediatric Intensive Care, Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, University of Manitoba, Children’s Hospital, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
Corresponding author: Dr. Gregory Hansen, Room 564 John Buhler Research Centre, 715 McDermot Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3E 3P4, Canada. Tel.: +1 204 803 9659; Fax: +1 204 789 3915; Gregory.Hansen@umanitoba.ca
BACKGROUND: In neonatal hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), hypo- and hyperglycemia have been associated with poor outcomes. However, glucose variability has not been reported in this population.
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between serum glucose variability within the first 24 hours and two-year neurodevelopmental outcomes in neonates cooled for HIE.
STUDY DESIGN: In this retrospective cohort study, glucose, clinical and demographic data were documented from 23 term newborns treated with whole body therapeutic hypothermia. Severe neurodevelopmental outcomes from planned two-year assessments were defined as the presence of any one of the following: Gross Motor Function Classification System levels 3 to 5, Bayley III Motor Standard Score <70, Bayley III Language Score <70 and Bayley III Cognitive Standard Score <70.
RESULTS: The neurodevelopmental outcomes from 8 of 23 patients were considered severe, and this group demonstrated a significant increase of mean absolute glucose (MAG) change (–0.28 to –0.03, 95% CI, p = 0.032). There were no significant differences between outcome groups with regards to number of patients with hyperglycemic means, one or multiple hypo- or hyperglycemic measurement(s). There were also no differences between both groups with mean glucose, although mean glucose standard deviation was approaching significance.
CONCLUSIONS: Poor neurodevelopmental outcomes in whole body cooled HIE neonates are significantly associated with MAG changes. This information may be relevant for prognostication and potential management strategies.