Affiliations: Department of Pediatric, Lok Nayak Hospital and associated Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India
Corresponding author: Dr. Deepak Kumar, Department of Pediatric, Lok Nayak Hospital and associated Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India. Tel.: +91 9211377848; Fax: +91 23232870; [email protected]
Abstract: Acute suppurative parotitis is a rare entity in neonates. Bilateral involvement is extremely rare. Low birth weight, prematurity, gavage feeding, dehydration, sepsis are all known risk factors. Staphylococcus aureus is the most common organism, other organisms responsible for parotitis are streptococcus, E. coli, pseudomonas and klebsiella. We report a neonate suffering from bilateral acute suppurative parotitis with an unusual causative association. CPAP and its association for acute suppurative parotitis has been proposed.