Affiliations: Division of Newborn Medicine, New York Presbyterian Hospital Weill Cornell, NY, USA | Division of Pediatric Cardiology, New York Presbyterian Hospital Weill Cornell, NY, USA
Note:  Corresponding author: Dr. Anne Russo, Division of Newborn Medicine N 506, New York Presbyterian Hospital, 525 East 68th Street, NY 10065, New York, USA. Tel.: +1 212 746 3530; E-mail: [email protected]
Abstract: Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors have been used in the neonatal population for both cardiac and renal diseases. Past reports have described deleterious renal and neurological consequences as a result of these drugs. This report describes two infants receiving enalapril for different indications who suffered renal impairments, likely a result of concomitant diuretic use. These cases demonstrate the risks associated with ACE inhibitor use and the importance of vigilant monitoring when using these medications.