Affiliations: NICU, Women Center, Hospital Department of Pediatrics, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar
Note:  Corresponding author: Husam Salama, NICU, Women Center, Hospital Department of Pediatrics, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar. Tel.: +974 4393249; E-mail: [email protected]
Abstract: Myofibroma tumors are uncommon benign neoplasms, affecting mainly the early pediatric age group. Infantile myofibromas consist of benign nodules in the skin, muscle, or bone. Less often, they can occur in the lung, heart, gastrointestinal tract, or orbit. Infantile myofibromas exhibit growth in the immediate perinatal period that may continue for the first few months of life, reaching a size approaching several centimeters in diameter. Because this tumor grows rapidly during infancy, capillary hemangioma of the scalp or malignant neoplasia is often suspected. We examine a case of solitary infantile myofibroma in a newborn's scalp, which presented a diagnostic challenge.