Affiliations: Department of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging, Pt. B.D.
Sharma University of Health Sciences, Rohtak, India | Department of Biotechnology and Molecular Medicine,
Pt. B.D. Sharma University of Health Sciences, Rohtak, India
Note:  Corresponding author: Dhara B. Dhaulakhandi, Ph.D., Department
of Biotechnology & Molecular Medicine, Post Graduate Institute of
Medical Sciences, Pt. B.D. Sharma University of Health Sciences, Rohtak 124001
(Haryana), India. E-mail: [email protected]
Abstract: Anterior myelocystocele has not been reported previously. Our case
showed anterior herniation of myelocystocele sac. This challenges the
established hypothesis of Steinbock and Cochrane which holds partial
neural-epidermal adhesion responsible for drawing the neural tissue outwards
towards the skin. This cannot explain occurrence of anterior myelocystocele as
there is no neural-epidermal adhesion anteriorly at any stage of embryogenesis.
Myelocystoceles need to be differentiated from meningoceles as early as
possible (preferably prenatally) due to different surgical treatments and
possibility of fetal intervention.