Affiliations: [a] Laser Centre, Ibnu Sina ISIR, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru 81310, Malaysia | [b] Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru 81310, Malaysia | [c] Faculty of Electrical & Electronics Engineering, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, District 7, Vietnam | [d] Faculty of Biosciences & Medical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru 81310, Malaysia
Abstract: Using steady-state electrical properties of non-ohmic dendrite based on cable theory, we derive electrotonic potentials that do not change over time and are localized in space. We hypothesize that clusters of such stationary, local and permanent pulses are the electrical signatures of enduring memories which are imprinted through nonsynaptic plasticity, encoded through epigenetic mechanisms, and decoded through electrotonic processing. We further hypothesize how retrieval of an engram is made possible by integration of these permanently imprinted standing pulses in a neural circuit through neurotransmission in the extracellular space as part of conscious recall that acts as a guiding template in the reconsolidation of long-term memories through novelty characterized by uncertainty that arises when new fragments of memories reinstate an engram by way of nonsynaptic plasticity that permits its destabilization. Collectively, these findings seem to reinforce this hypothesis that electrotonic processing in non-ohmic dendrites yield insights into permanent electrical signatures that could reflect upon enduring memories as fragments of long-term memory engrams.