Affiliations: Institute of Biotechnology, Group Eco-Tech, A-8010
Graz, Petersgasse 12, Austria. E-mail: [email protected]
Abstract: The paper differentiates approaches in technology (end-of-pipe,
cleaner production, industrial ecology, zero emission and eco-social tech) and
compares them in respect to the problem solving capacity on the ecological as
well as social dimension by showing the eco-impact reduction and job creation.
Eco-social-tech represents the approach with highest problem solution as it is
based on "eco-social market economy", which will the replace free market
economy. The deep background of these innovations is "ecosophy", the wisdom of
nature, which serves as guideline for eco-restructuring the world.