Abstract: In specific areas of the Arctic and Antarctic regions, air temperatures are expanding at rates more than two times the international average; additionally, there are other direct human impacts on polar regions. A quick change in climate impacting the polar regions will similarly have huge physical and biological consequences for the last existing parts of the planet since the ice-engulfed Arctic Ocean, the Antarctic landform, and the worldwide eminent Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC) serve a basic job in managing the Earth’s current circumstance and ocean systems. Polar biodiversity is presently responding to this rapid climate change and more massive impacts will happen in this era. Intensifying the danger to polar biodiversity is the certainty that numerous polar environments have restricted functional redundancy; in case of the disappearance of a solitary keystone species, they may possibly be exposed to descending impacts and complete biological system rebuilding. This study focussed on the contributing factors of ecological change, the effects of natural change on the Antarctic environment, next to the effects of environmental change on the types of Antarctic biodiversity. The most rapidly changing biological agenda on our planet are arranged in the polar regions. This issue is picked to research the effects of natural change on a particular region’s biodiversity.