Article type: Research Article
Authors: Micek, Agnieszkaa | Owczarek, Marcinb | Jurek, Joannac | Guerrera, Idad | Torrisi, Sebastiano Alfiod | Grosso, Giusepped; * | Alshatwi, Ali A.e | Godos, Justynad
[a] Institute of Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical College, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland
[b] Ulster University, Coleraine, UK
[c] APC Microbiome Ireland, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland
[d] Department of Biomedical and Biotechnological Sciences, University of Catania, Catania, Italy
[e] Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Food and Agricultural Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Corresponding author: Giuseppe Grosso, Department of Biomedical and Biotechnological Sciences, University of Catania, Catania, Italy. Tel.: +39 095 478118; E-mail: [email protected].
Abstract: BACKGROUND:Evidence suggests that diets rich in flavonoids affect human health. Among flavonoids, anthocyanins have been demonstrated to exert beneficial effects toward brain through modulation of neuroinflammation, neurogenesis, neuronal signaling and by modulating gut microbiota. OBJECTIVE:This study aimed to investigate the association between consumption of anthocyanin-rich fruits (strawberries, berries, cherries, prickly pears, grapes, blood oranges) and mental health in an Italian cohort study. METHODS:Dietary information was collected using a validated food frequency questionnaire. Mental health outcomes were assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), the 10-item Center for the Epidemiological Studies of Depression Short Form (CES-D-10) as a screening tool for sleep quality, perceived stress and depressive symptoms, respectively. RESULTS:A significant inverse association between higher anthocyanin-rich fruits intake and occurrence of poor sleep quality, high perceived stress, and depressive symptoms was found. In the most adjusted model, individuals in the highest tertile of anthocyanin-rich fruits were less likely to have poor sleep quality (OR = 0.63, 95% CI: 0.47–0.86), high perceived stress (OR = 0.68, 95% CI: 0.51–0.92), and depressive symptoms (OR = 0.67, 95% CI: 0.49–0.90). CONCLUSIONS:Diets including fruits rich in anthocyanins may result in positive mental health outcomes.
Keywords: anthocyanins, mental health, sleep, depressive symptoms, perceived stress, cohort
Journal: Journal of Berry Research, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 551-564, 2022
Received 10 August 2022
Accepted 19 September 2022
Published: 16 December 2022