Since 2008, Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae, the causal agent of bacterial canker of kiwifruit has become the main pathogen of yellow and green fleshed kiwifruit. All major kiwifruit producing countries in the world have been affected by this bacterial pathogen, leading to substantial economic losses. This review presents the current knowledge on various aspects about the origin, epidemiology, detection and control strategies of Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae.