Note: [**] Matteo Giuberti is with Xsens Technologies B.V. since April 2014. This work was performed while he was at the University of Parma.
Abstract: In this paper, we investigate the feasibility of a hybrid radio/accelerometric approach to perform arm posture recognition. A radio fingerprinting-based approach, through measurements of the Received radio Signal Strengths (RSSs) from anchor nodes, is first used to localize the positions (among a set determined during a training phase) of target nodes properly placed on a user arm. Accelerometric signals generated by the target nodes are then used to estimate the pitch of every device in order to refine the radio fingerprinting results and perform posture recognition, i.e., “continuous” estimation of the positions of the target nodes. We experimentally investigate, through a SunSPOT wireless sensor network testbed, different fingerprinting-based localization algorithms, namely deterministic and probabilistic. In each case, the system parameters are optimized by minimizing a properly defined Position Error (PE). Finally, a comparison between the performance of the proposed system and that of a low-cost optical arm posture recognition system (namely, Kinect) is presented.
Keywords: Radio fingerprinting, accelerometers, arm posture recognition, experimental testbed, Kinect