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Article type: Research Article
Authors: da Rosa Tavares, João Elison; * | Victória Barbosa, Jorge Luis
Affiliations: Applied Computing Graduate Program (PPGCA) , University of Vale do Rio dos Sinos (UNISINOS), São Leopoldo/RS, Brazil
Correspondence: [*] Corresponding author. E-mail: [email protected].
Abstract: The number of elderly is increasing in recent years. According to the United Nations (UN), in 2050 there will be 2.1 billion people above 60 years of age worldwide. In addition, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported that more than 1 billion people live with some form of disability, the leading causes of which are chronic diseases and accidents. Thus, many opportunities for the application of smart environments to support ubiquitous healthcare are emerging, the benefits of which may be reflected in reduced medical costs and increased convenience of patients and families. This systematic mapping study aims to identify how smart environments have been applied to support ubiquitous healthcare, what techniques and technologies are being used, and what research gaps are still left unexplored. Eight scientific repositories were used to search for papers in the area of ubiquitous healthcare, and a filtering process was used to remove bias. Of an initial sample of 1706 studies, 49 were reviewed entirely, analyzed, and categorized. Among these, we highlight those oriented to monitoring, detection, notification, and action on situations that may cause illnesses or promote the improvement of people’s health and wellness. Technologies to support ubiquitous healthcare were categorized into three groups: ambient sensors, wearables, and social robotics. These technologies have been applied most frequently to support the elderly and disabled. The diseases most commonly cited were dementia, diabetes, Alzheimer’s, autism, obesity, mental stress, sleep disorders, asthma, epilepsy and chronic diseases. We found only three papers that used prediction models. Finally, we observed a trend of using social robotics to improve the intelligence of ambient, aggregating mobility, and acting.
Keywords: Smart Environments, Ambient Intelligence, Ubiquitous Healthcare, systematic mapping study
Journal: Journal of Ambient Intelligence and Smart Environments, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 513-529, 2020
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