Affiliations: Laboratory of Robotics, Parallelism and Power System, Faculty of Electronics and Computer Science, University of Science and Technology Houari Boumediene (USTHB), BP 32 El Alia Bab Ezzouar, 16111 Algiers, Algeria
Abstract: The consequences of global warming are increasingly apparent and harmful to the environment; this is why reducing greenhouse gas emissions is becoming inevitable. The building sector is mainly responsible since it is the largest energy consumer in Algeria and in the world altogether. This paper proposes a Home Automation System for the Control of Energy (HASCE) in a hybrid residential building (PV/Wind/Network). The system is developed with the Multi-Agent System (MAS) approach and modeled by Timed Petri Nets (TPN). The main goals are: optimizing energy consumption, managing the production system and ensuring residents safety; thermal and light comforts, and occupant’s preferences. The paper presents two simulations to evaluate the system behavior, using climate data provided by the Renewable Energy Development Center (REDC) and the National Office of Meteorology (NOM) located in Algiers, Algeria. The simulation results demonstrate the ability of the system to reduce the annual energy consumption by ten thirds and the annual net absorption by two thirds. The results also show that Timed Petri Nets (TPN) can be successfully used for modeling energy management systems.
Keywords: Multi-Agent System, Timed Petri Nets, energy efficiency, renewable energy, comforts, residential building