Affiliations: Department of Mechanical Engineering, Henan University of Engineering, Zhengzhou, China
Corresponding author: Haishu Ma, Lecturer, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Henan University of Engineering, Zhengzhou, China. E-mail: [email protected].
Abstract: Due to the proliferation of the IoT devices, indoor location-based service is bringing huge business values and potentials. The positioning accuracy is restricted by the variability and complexity of the indoor environment. Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), as a key technology of the Internet of Things, has became the main research direction in the field of indoor positioning because of its non-contact, non-line-of-sight and strong anti-interference abilities. This paper proposes the deep leaning approach for RFID based indoor localization. Since the measured Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI) can be influenced by many indoor environment factors, Kalman filter is applied to erase the fluctuation. Furthermore, linear interpolation is adopted to increase the density of the reference tags. In order to improve the processing ability of the fingerprint database, deep neural network is adopted together with the fingerprinting method to optimize the non-linear mapping between fingerprints and indoor coordinates. The experimental results show that the proposed method achieves high accuracy with a mean estimation error of 0.347 m.
Keywords: Indoor positioning, RFID, fingerprint, deep learning