Affiliations: Yeshiva University, New York, USA | St. John's University, New York, USA | University of Turku, Finland, and University of Stavanger, Norway
Note:  Address for correspondence: Jenny Isaacs, Department of Psychology, Yeshiva University, 500 West 185th St., New York, NY 10033. E-mail: [email protected]
Abstract: Long-term effects of victimization were investigated in 177 girls and boys that were followed from adolescence (ages 14-15) to young adulthood (ages 22-23). Victimization in adolescence was associated with increases in depression and decreases in self-esteem as well as negative views of others in young adulthood, but only when adolescents lacked a supportive family environment. Results are discussed in terms of possible mechanisms responsible for the critical role that family support plays in altering maladjustment consequences of victimization by peers.