Affiliations: [a] Faculty of Social Studies, Department of Psychology, Masaryk University, Czech Republic
University of Applied Sciences Upper Austria, Austria
Shizuoka University, Office for the Promotion of Global Education Programs, Japan
Renmin University of China, Department of Psychology, China
University of Virginia, Curry School of Education, United States
Karnatak University, Department of Psychology, India
Eastern Mediterranean University, Faculty of Arts & Sciences, Department of Psychology, North Cyprus
Address for correspondence: Michelle F. Wright, Masaryk University, Faculty of Social Studies, Department of Psychology, Brno 60200, the Czech Republic. Tel.: +420 549 49 4259; E-mail: [email protected].
Abstract: The aim of this study was to examine the role of publicity (private versus public) and medium (face-to-face versus cyber) in adolescents’ coping strategies for hypothetical victimization, while also considering culture. Participants were adolescents from China, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, India, Japan, and the United States. The study also controlled for adolescents’ gender, individualism, and collectivism. Adolescents completed questionnaires on the hypothetical coping strategies that they would use for four scenarios, including public face-to-face victimization, public cyber victimization, private face-to-face victimization, and private cyber victimization. Overall, the findings revealed that adolescents relied more on avoidance, social support, retaliation, helplessness, and ignoring for public and face-to-face forms of victimization than for private and cyber forms of victimization. Cross-cultural differences in coping strategies are discussed.