Affiliations: [a] The BioRobotics Institute, Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, Viale R. Piaggio, Pontedera, Italy | [b] Center for Applied Autonomous Sensor Systems (AASS), Orebro University, Sweden
Corresponding author: Manuele Bonaccorsi, The BioRobotics Institute, Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, Viale R. Piaggio 34, 56025 Pontedera, Italy. Tel.: +39 0587 672152; Fax: +39 050 883101; E-mail:[email protected].
Note:  Equal contribution to the work.
Abstract: The paper proposed a cloud robotic solution for the healthcare management of senior citizens, to demonstrate the opportunity to remotely provide continuous assistive robotic services to a number of seniors regardless to their position in the monitored environment. In particular, a medication reminding, a remote home monitoring and an user indoor localization service were outsourced in the cloud and provided to the robots, users and caregivers on request. The proposed system was composed of a number of robotic agents distributed over two smart environments: a flat at the Domocasa Lab (Peccioli, IT) and a condominium at the Angen site of the Orebro science park (Orebro, SE). The cloud acquired data from remote smart environments and enabled the local robots to provide advanced assistive services to a number of users. The proposed smart environments were able to collect raw data for the environmental monitoring and the localization of the users by means of wireless sensors, and provide such data to the cloud. On the cloud, specific algorithms improved the local robots, by providing event scheduling to accomplish assistive services and situation awareness on the users position and environments’ status. The indoor user localization service, was provided by means of commercial and ad-hoc sensors distributed over the environments and a sensor fusion algorithm on the cloud. The entire cloud solution was evaluated in terms of Quality of Service (QoS) to estimate the effectiveness of the architecture.