Affiliations: Department of Plastic Surgery, University Medical Center Groningen, Hanzeplein 1, 9700 RB Groningen, The Netherlands
Note:  Corresponding Author: Marcel F Meek, Department of Plastic Surgery, University Medical Center Groningen, Hanzeplein 1, 9700 RB Groningen, The Netherlands. Tel: +31-50-3613531 Fax: +31-50-3613041, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstract: The management of peripheral nerve injury continues to be a major clinical challenge. The most widely used technique for bridging defects in peripheral nerves is the use of autologous nerve grafts. This technique, however, has some disadvantages. Many alternative experimental techniques have thus been developed, such as degradable nerve conduits. Degradable nerve guides have been extensively studied in animal experimental studies. However, the repair of human nerves by degradable nerve conduits has been limited to only a few clinical studies. In this paper, an overview of the available international published literature on degradable nerve conduits for bridging human peripheral nerve defects is presented for literature available until 2004. Also, the philosophy on the use of nerve guides and nerve grafts is given.