Journal of X-Ray Science and Technology - Volume 1, issue 1
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Journal of X-Ray Science and Technology is an international journal designed for the diverse community (biomedical, industrial and academic) of users and developers of novel x-ray imaging techniques. The purpose of the journal is to provide clear and full coverage of new developments and applications in the field.
Areas such as x-ray microlithography, x-ray astronomy and medical x-ray imaging as well as new technologies arising from fields traditionally considered unrelated to x rays (semiconductor processing, accelerator technology, ionizing and non-ionizing medical diagnostic and therapeutic modalities, etc.) present opportunities for research that can meet new challenges as they arise.
Abstract: In the past half decade or so there has been a technological revolution in our ability to generate, control, manipulate, focus, and detect x rays. The emergence of x-ray lasers and synchrotron insertion devices has increased the brightness of laboratory x-ray sources 8 to 12 orders of magnitude over what was available in the late 1960s. In addition, the past few years have been witness to significant advances in the development of normal incidence x-ray mirrors and beam splitters, diffraction limited x-ray lenses, x-ray microscopy, x-ray holography, x-ray waveguides, and CCD x-ray detector arrays. Utilizing these new capabilities, workers in…the field are taking the first steps toward the development of sophisticated soft x-ray optical systems, including soft x-ray interferometers, high-intensity x-ray lasers, and projection optics for x-ray lithography. Details of these developments are discussed, as is the question, Why is this happening now?
Abstract: The recently introduced class of micropole undulators, i.e., undulators with submilli-meter periods, promises a wide variety of useful applications in x-ray science and technology. One of the most important of these could turn out to be the efficient generation of highly coherent soft x rays on economical low-energy storage rings or linacs. Over the last year and a half, an intensive experimental effort has been in progress at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) to characterize the radiation emitted on a linac by a novel hybrid/bias micropole undulator fabricated at the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory. In this initial report, the…properties of this new 706-μm-period insertion device and its generation of 66-eV soft x rays on the LLNL linac are described. Although in the present experiment power levels of a fraction of a picowatt at linac currents of several tens of picoamperes were generated, this was in agreement with theoretical predictions. Operation of our prototype device on a higher energy machine at currents of several milliamperes could consequently be expected to produce milliwatt levels of soft x-ray output, making it an x-ray source potentially competitive with bending magnets on high-energy storage rings.
Abstract: We have measured the response of WC/C multilayers to x-ray fluxes on the order of 200 MW/cm2 using laser-generated plasmas and found that these multilayers will maintain near peak reflectivity for at least 1 ns but are eventually destroyed. A description of the experiments and data analysis methods is given. Transmission electron micrographs of WC/C multilayers before and after irradiation show melting to be the dominant damage mechanism. The results of the experiments will be compared with simulations.
Abstract: We describe an x-ray interferometer optimized for operation with synchrotron radiation at the storage ring DORIS at DESY, Hamburg. Function principles, design, and manufacture are discussed. Interference fringes are created by scanning the analyzer crystal of the instrument in increments below 0.1 Å. Special attention is paid to minimize warping due to gravitational forces and disturbances from acoustic noise and ground vibration. The characteristics of two different monochromators with respect to harmonic rejection or harmonic selection and beam stability are considered. The instrument is best suited to the measurement of anomalous dispersion, for which an example is given.