Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation - Volume 5, issue 1
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Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation will provide a forum for discussion and dissemination of information about the major areas that constitute vocational rehabilitation.
Periodically, there will be topics that are directed either to specific themes such as long-term care or different disability groups such as those with psychiatric impairment. Often a guest editor who is an expert in the given area will provide leadership on a specific topic issue. However, all articles received directly or submitted for a special issue are welcome for peer review. The emphasis will be on publishing rehabilitation articles that have immediate application for helping rehabilitation counselors, psychologists and other professionals in providing direct services to people with disabilities.
Original research articles, review articles, program descriptions, and case studies will be considered for publication. Ideas for special topical issues are welcomed as well.
Abstract: It is commonly assumed that any work environment can be potentially dangerous if employees do not know how to prevent accidents and respond appropriately to emergency situations. As the number of individuals with disabilities involved in supported employment increase, more injuries may occur. There is presently no available data base on the number or types of injuries persons with disabilities sustain in supported employment. A sample of employers were surveyed to identify potential causes of accidents and the types of injuries sustained by supported employees. Results indicated that a sizeable number of employees sustain injuries. Sprains or strains were the…injuries reported most frequently, and the most frequently reported causes of accidents were general carelessness or improper positioning. Results are discussed in terms of providing consumers systematic training in work safety.
Keywords: Accident cause, Injury type, Environmental cause, Behavioral cause, Work safety, Work injury
Abstract: Many employees may be working in environments with potential risks and may not know how to respond appropriately to these risks, therefore the need for safety-skills training is critical. However, limited information is available on the extent to which supported employees receive such training. The purpose of this investigation was to identify the type of safety-skills training provided to a sample of supported employees. The findings revealed that the majority of employees received training, but the content and format of the training varied. The results are discussed in terms of providing appropriate safety-skills training to supported employees.
Keywords: Safety skills training, Safety training, Job risks, Personal safety, Safe work behavior
Abstract: Four individuals associated with vocational training were surveyed to determine their opinions on the importance of including safety-skills training in vocational rehabilitation programs. The respondents included a consumer, a vocational rehabilitation counselor, a business manager, and an insurance agent. Overall, the respondents did not have any major disagreements in terms of vocational training and safety-skills instruction. All respondents indicated that safety skills were critical to include in vocational rehabilitation programs for job success. Respondent opinions are compared and conclusions are drawn in terms of future vocational training issues.
Abstract: The effects of a problem-solving strategy to teach five supported employees with mild to severe mental retardation safe work behaviors were evaluated. Within two multiple baseline designs across subjects and behaviors, participants were taught to identify unsafe work conditions, then respond to them appropriately. These findings suggest that all participants made dramatic improvements in their performance of safe work behaviors, and these changes maintained for up to 4 weeks after the training had ended. Results are discussed in light of the implications and safety-skills training.
Keywords: Problem solving, Injury prevention, Hazardous stimuli, Unsafe working conditions, Unsafe work behavior, Work safety skills Social validation
Abstract: The primary goal of the ADA is to achieve a work environment without discrimination against individuals with disabilities. The act has encouraged awareness of the abilities of workers with disabilities from across the nation in the largest surge of civil rights implementation since the 1970s. Employers who only a brief time ago were unaware of the concept of job modifications are now beginning to adjust their workplaces to accommodate willing workers. It is obvious from the cases reported to date that individuals with disabilities have been given a strong tool to continue their employment and remain productive participants in society.…Prior to the ADA, laws protecting people with disabilities from employment discrimination were only applied to federal contractors under the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. Several states had instituted protections, but there was no standardized protection across the country for people with disabilities to match the statutory coverage for racial and minority civil rights. Individuals with health-related disabilities are now receiving more defined due process in complaints with their employers. These changes may be tapered very efficiently with the imminent reform of health care systems. The growth of AIDS and the developing rulings surrounding the employment of individuals with this dreaded disease is benefiting individuals with many other types of disabilities.
Keywords: Health related disability, Pain, Employment, Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, Work environment, Civil rights
Abstract: Many persons with HIV/AIDS can and want to work. However, because of illness, reduced strength and stamina, and possible decreased cognitive function, it is difficult for some individuals to remain employed or to retain their original jobs. By using vocational rehabilitation and supported employment services, people with HIV/AIDS can remain in the workplace or seek employment appropriate to their changing abilities, thereby improving the quality of their lives and contributing to employers and society. Although the efficacy of supported employment is difficult to establish from current data, it is the next logical step in providing rehabilitation services to persons with…HIV/AIDS. While not every individual with HIV/AIDS who receives vocational rehabilitation services will qualify for or need supported employment, it can be a valuable service for many individuals. Recommendations for working with staff, employers, HIV + clients, and vocational rehabilitation are discussed.