Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation - Volume 4, issue 3
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Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation will provide a forum for discussion and dissemination of information about the major areas that constitute vocational rehabilitation.
Periodically, there will be topics that are directed either to specific themes such as long-term care or different disability groups such as those with psychiatric impairment. Often a guest editor who is an expert in the given area will provide leadership on a specific topic issue. However, all articles received directly or submitted for a special issue are welcome for peer review. The emphasis will be on publishing rehabilitation articles that have immediate application for helping rehabilitation counselors, psychologists and other professionals in providing direct services to people with disabilities.
Original research articles, review articles, program descriptions, and case studies will be considered for publication. Ideas for special topical issues are welcomed as well.
Abstract: The Americans with Disabilities Act, passed by the Congress and signed into law by President Bush, went into effect for employers of 15 or more people on July 26, 1992. Title I, Employment, prohibits discrimination in the workplace against people with disabilities. After two years, what is the status of implementation efforts? What is happening with the disability community, business, hiring, job accommodation, and enforcement? This article looks at these issues and provides some guidance for the future.
Keywords: ADA, Implementation, Business response, Future challenges
Abstract: This article focuses on the consumer's role in implementing the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). It discusses the importance of exerting influence to effect change, cites the need for more training and awareness of the ADA, and challenges the rehabilitation profession to work with consumers for full ADA implementation.
Keywords: Empowerment, Accessibility, Employment, Civil rights
Abstract: A series of face-to-face structured interviews were conducted with 170 employers in the greater Richmond, Virginia, metropolitan area to assess employers' attitudes toward workers with disabilities as measured by the Scale of Attitudes Toward Workers with Disabilities. Analyses were conducted to determine the relationship between employers' attitudes and their knowledge and perception of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and prior experiences with individuals with disabilities in their personal and professional lives. Employers said that they had extensive professional and personal experience with people with disabilities. Results also indicate that employers' attitudes toward workers with disabilities correlate positively, with their…attitudes toward the ADA.
Abstract: Over 2, 000 recent cases from the files of the Job Accommodation Network were examined to expose the relationships among the issues discussed, the type of lob involved, and the career progression of individuals with disabilities for calls by employees with disabilities and calls by their employers. Six types of issues (understanding the Americans with Disabilities Act [ADA], impact of the accommodation, conflict between employer and employee, cost, government agency problems, and other) were identified. Both employers and employees cited understanding the ADA as their most critical concern. As implementation of the ADA proceeds, it is expected that issues of…concern will shift from definitions of ADA terminology to more practical implementation strategies.
Abstract: Employing people with disabilities involves building stronger partnerships with the business community. Two years after Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) went into effect, and hundreds of training sessions later, businesses remain unsure about whom to call for prescriptive job accommodation assistance. Business Accommodation Response Team (BART) is a service that provides rapid technical assistance to businesses, applicants, and employees with disabilities. BART links local resources with the business communities' needs, thus providing a proactive solution to complying with the ADA. Job accommodation consultation and recommendations are described for three individuals who received BART services.
Keywords: Employment, Technical assistance, Job accommodation, Business involvement
Abstract: Two employers representing large and small companies offer perspectives on how the Americans with Disabilities Act has affected their businesses. Job accommodations are described. Suggestions for improving the employment process are given for people with disabilities and rehabilitation staff.
Abstract: Assistive technology services and devices are necessary tools for achieving the promise of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). This article includes a synopsis of each ADA title and the relationship of assistive technology to the particular title. Included are numerous suggestions for assistive technology devices that may be resources for compliance.
Keywords: Assistive technology, Employment, Reasonable accommodation, Public accommodation, Telecommunications, Technology-Related Assistance for Individuals with Disabilities Act of 1988
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine assessment procedures used to determine assistive technology needs of individuals with physical disabilities during the transition process from school to work. Three assessment protocols were used: 1) a professional multidisciplinary model; 2) a video screening model; and 3) a job coach model. Five students with physical disabilities received each of the three assessment protocols. A multiple case study design was used to evaluate assistive technology recommendations generated by the models for each of the participants. Results are discussed in terms of advantages and disadvantages of assessment protocols with regard to assistive technology…recommendations for students in the transition process.
Keywords: Assistive technology, Assessment, Transition students