Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation - Volume 38, issue 3
Purchase individual online access for 1 year to this journal.
Price: EUR 145.00
Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation will provide a forum for discussion and dissemination of information about the major areas that constitute vocational rehabilitation.
Periodically, there will be topics that are directed either to specific themes such as long-term care or different disability groups such as those with psychiatric impairment. Often a guest editor who is an expert in the given area will provide leadership on a specific topic issue. However, all articles received directly or submitted for a special issue are welcome for peer review. The emphasis will be on publishing rehabilitation articles that have immediate application for helping rehabilitation counselors, psychologists and other professionals in providing direct services to people with disabilities.
Original research articles, review articles, program descriptions, and case studies will be considered for publication. Ideas for special topical issues are welcomed as well.
Abstract: For almost forty years, U.S. policy has steadily advanced the idea of presumed employability for all people with disabilities. This includes people with the most significant disabilities employed in integrated jobs with commensurate pay that is at or above minimum wage. This article traces the factors that have contributed to the evolution of policy and practice that have led to improving the likelihood that integrated employment is both desired and achievable for individuals with significant disabilities. It also shares current U.S. Department of Labor, Office of Disability Employment Policy, activities and initiatives that promote and support the achievement of integrated…employment for all people with disabilities.
Keywords: Integrated employment, EmploymentFirst, U.S. federal policy, employment and disabilities
Abstract: Working-age Japanese with disabilities (ages 15–64) experience substantially lower employment rates compared to non-disabled Japanese, indicating a need for policy and programs that promote disability employment opportunities in competitive settings. Historically, the vocational rehabilitation (VR) service system in Japan has involved two government administrations – the Ministry of Labour and the Ministry of Health and Welfare – that, despite the merger in 2001, continue to focus on competitive and facility-based(sheltered) employment, respectively. In this paper, the authors provide an overview of the enabling legislation, key policies and measures, and personnel resources of the VR service system under labour. A cornerstone…policy and practice issue is the engagement of a mandatory disability employment quota for public-sector and private-sector employers administered by public employment security offices (PESO), and public employment and rehabilitation services delivered through a network of PESO offices, local and regional vocational centers, vocational training centers and employment support centers for persons with disabilities. The authors conclude with a discussion of current issues and trends in rehabilitation in Japan and implications for future cross-national comparative research. The information presented in this paper is based on a literature review and key informant interviews conducted between May 2012 and June 2012.
Keywords: Disability, competitive employment, employment quota, public vocational rehabilitation, public employment service, Japan
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Brazilian laws have have progressively mandated opportunity and access to community and work life for people with disabilities and other historically disadvantaged populations. Legal mandates to companies to bolster employment opportunities have included specific quotas for companies to hire people with disabilities and for providing youth apprenticeships. Under these mandates, companies struggle to meet the quotas, and, despite the laws, workforce participation for people with disabilities remain well below expectations. OBJECTIVE: This article presents an approach to address these challenges using processes implemented through an international exchange of knowledge and methodology as well as case examples of individuals and…companies who have benefitted from this approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Customized employment strategies were featured when Programa Integrando began working with students in Rio de Janeiro public schools in 2008. The case examples illustrate not only this process, but how disability hiring or YAP quotas were addressed by the hiring companies. CONCLUSIONS: It is important to emphasize that quotas, YAP, and disability hiring policies and initiatives are not enough to face the existing challenges of gaining work access, especially for people with intellectual disabilities. Connecting employers to job candidates is an essential part of the process.
Keywords: Disability, employment quota, customized employment, youth apprenticeships, Brazil
Abstract: Transition from school to work is a key topic of current social research and public policy in both the United States and Europe. Legislation in the U.S. has proven effective in providing a framework for transitioning youth with disabilities from school to work. In 2008, Portugal passed legislation for transition planning focused on specific curriculum for students who cannot access the typical curriculum. This paper will compare and contrast the two pieces of legislation and the process for transition of youth with disabilities into integrated employment from the perspectives of parents. Specifically, the authors conducted focus groups of parents from…each country to identify post-school and in-school opportunities and supports and resources needed to ensure successful transition from school to integrated employment for youth with disabilities.
Keywords: Transition, social research, public policy, integrated employment, youth with disabilities, Portugal, United States
Abstract: Argentina has shown a growing interest from the different sectors of society towards the welfare of people with disabilities. Specifically in the labor area, due to the alarming data that 75% of working age people with disabilities are unemployed and according to the tenets of the International Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities (U.N.), the Argentina government decided to develop and reactivate policies to address this situation. The business sector also shows more concern about the inclusion of people with disabilities in their workforce under Corporate Social Responsibility policies. These institutions are only beginning to regard supported employment…as a system of labor inclusion in the competitive job market for people with disabilities. There are challenges ahead to ensure full citizenship of people with disabilities, in which the inclusion in the open labor market takes an essential role, and supported employment is emerging to address them.
Keywords: Disability, labor inclusion, supported employment, government policies, corporate social responsibility
Abstract: Much of the advent and development of integrated and supported employment in Australia, or Open Employment as it is called, mirrors that of other English speaking countries, particularly the U.S. However, there are critical distinctions that are reflective of Australia's labour laws, disability employment funding history, and evolving disability policy. While there continue to be strong models of Open Employment service delivery, government policy and changes in the generic employment centre system are threatening the expansion, indeed even the nature, of Open Employment as an option for people with significant disabilities. The authors discuss the implications of these trends.
Keywords: Disability, employment, Australia, government policy