Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation - Volume 21, issue 1
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Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation will provide a forum for discussion and dissemination of information about the major areas that constitute vocational rehabilitation.
Periodically, there will be topics that are directed either to specific themes such as long-term care or different disability groups such as those with psychiatric impairment. Often a guest editor who is an expert in the given area will provide leadership on a specific topic issue. However, all articles received directly or submitted for a special issue are welcome for peer review. The emphasis will be on publishing rehabilitation articles that have immediate application for helping rehabilitation counselors, psychologists and other professionals in providing direct services to people with disabilities.
Original research articles, review articles, program descriptions, and case studies will be considered for publication. Ideas for special topical issues are welcomed as well.
Abstract: Of the 97 students with disabilities who completed a questionnaire on adaptation to disability, 39 responded to the same survey one year later. The two purposes of this follow-up study were to examine whether individuals' adaptation scores had significantly changed during the year and whether the results found by Livneh et al.  could be replicated. Two distinct statistical analyses were run. The results of a multivariate repeated-measures analysis indicated that there was a not a…significant difference in adaptation scores after one year. In a post-hoc repeated-measures analysis, time since injury (TSI) was added as a between-group factor, which resulted in a significant difference in adaptation scores according to TSI but no interaction with time of assessment (the within-group factor). The results of the second analysis, which involved a multiple regression analysis on adaptation, were similar to Livneh et al.'s  study in several ways. The implications of this one-year follow-up study were articulated.
Abstract: Most jobs secured in supported employment programs for people with disabilities have been found in the private sector. This is in spite of the fact that the public (i.e. government) sector is a significant employer in most countries and usually offers better job stability, salary rates and employment benefits than entry-level positions in the private sector. It has been claimed in the literature that people with disabilities supported in public sector employment would enjoy similar wage…and benefit advantages over their counterparts in the private sector workforce. These claims were empirically tested in this study to determine whether similar benefits are available to workers with disabilities in the Australian public sector. Over a period of 18 years, 389 public sector positions secured for people with disabilities by Edge Employment Solutions (a Western Australian supported employment program) have produced significantly superior outcomes in the key areas of hours of work, wages rates and length of employment than have 2,264 private sector positions secured over the same period. This paper reports on these findings and suggests strategies for supported employment programs to improve public sector placement outcomes.
Keywords: supported employment, public sector placement, people with disabilities, SE in Australia
Abstract: This paper review barriers to work for individuals with SCI and how these can be overcome using a Supported Employment approach. Problems faced at work and six job retention strategies are described.
Abstract: The Workforce Investment Act (WIA) mandates a new level of seamlessness in services delivered to customers, including those with disabilities. Using a case study methodology, this study examined the nature of service delivery to individuals with disabilities in three states (Kentucky, Minnesota, and Maine) as they worked to implement WIA. Findings revealed participants' concerns about the capacity to effectively support job seekers with disabilities. More importantly, individual states developed different strategies to…alleviate this concern. This included: creating an ADA coordinator or team, using security tabs to protect confidentiality when data sharing, having individuals with disabilities and disability professionals represented on local boards, maintaining the vision that all partners serve all customers, and using federal grant funds creatively. Implications are offered for state and local officials who are implementing WIA as they work to continually enhance services to people with disabilities in their One-Stop systems.
Keywords: Workforce Investment Act (WIA), employment, individuals with disabilities, one-stop career centers
Abstract: The Dutch government and private agencies are striving to assist people with disabilities with employment. Job placement agencies in The Netherlands use various methods including a Supported Employment (SE) approach to achieve this result. This article examines similarites and differences in tasks performed and the amount of time spent on a task implementing SE across the following disability groups: people with an intellectual disability, a psychiatric disability and a chronic disease. Results revealed the greatest…amount of time was expended on Job coaching activities for each group and that substantial time was expended on assessment and job seeking activities for persons with psychiatric or chronic disabilities.
Keywords: Supported Employment, Netherlands, employment, intellectual disability, psychiatric disability, chronic disease, return to work
Abstract: The purpose of the present article is to evaluate the relationship of selected characteristics of supported employment with different jobs and specific client abilities in Italy. A specific focus of this project was on looking at improving the quality of life, and analyzing the relationship among job characteristics, conditions, cognitive capacities, working abilities, autonomy, and neuropsychological characteristics. Statistical analysis demonstrated that working abilities were lower than the other abilities measured on the…Adaptive Behavior Inventory.
Keywords: supported employment in Italy, mental retardation and employment, Adaptive Behavior Inventory
Abstract: The article describes action research strategies that can help vocational rehabilitation professionals develop skills in scientific reasoning and self-reflection. An overview of action research methodology is followed by specific applications of action research techniques to clinical supervision of graduate students and practicing professionals.
Keywords: vocational rehabilitation research, action research strategies