Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation - Volume 1, issue 4
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Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation will provide a forum for discussion and dissemination of information about the major areas that constitute vocational rehabilitation.
Periodically, there will be topics that are directed either to specific themes such as long-term care or different disability groups such as those with psychiatric impairment. Often a guest editor who is an expert in the given area will provide leadership on a specific topic issue. However, all articles received directly or submitted for a special issue are welcome for peer review. The emphasis will be on publishing rehabilitation articles that have immediate application for helping rehabilitation counselors, psychologists and other professionals in providing direct services to people with disabilities.
Original research articles, review articles, program descriptions, and case studies will be considered for publication. Ideas for special topical issues are welcomed as well.
Abstract: Findings from an earlier follow-along study were extended by one more year of data on young adults graduating from a school-to-work transition program, the Career Ladder Program. Capsule histories and a compendium of job titles enriched the original data. Wages of the participants increased Although employment rates were above the national average, they declined during 1989–1990, and participants failed to increase their level of benefits. Job satisfaction of those working increased. This study also analyzed the behavior of service providers and investigated patterns in their delivery of a unique array of transition services. Intensity of service increased significantly during the…fifth year, supporting the need for ongoing availability of services. A discussion of complicating factors in the lives of participants is offered. Implications for services shaped to the needs of youth with mild disabilities are explored and recommendations made.
Abstract: Individuals with deaf-blindness are frequently excluded or under served by vocational transition programs in their home communities. The reasons are numerous; sometimes related to the support needs of these individuals' dual sensory impairments, they are more often related to limited program capacity and lack of trained personnel. This article presents case studies of two individuals with deaf-blindness in the vocational transition process and concludes by offering local programs suggestions for building local capacity and training personnel.
Abstract: Federal rehabilitation legislation and supported employment initiatives from both the Commission on Developmental Disabilities and the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitation require that priority be placed on the development of integrated employment opportunities for people with the most severe disabilities. However, even these national mandates have not resulted in significant employment opportunities for persons with severe disabilities typically served in segregated day activity programs. With intensive technical assistance and resource development, Orange County, California, has created a successful free-market employment environment which has transitioned a segregated delivery system into one of integration and meaningful work services for the majority…of adults with severe disabilities. This article reviews the Developmental Disabilities Center of Orange County free-market strategies, outcomes, and issues of this full employment effort since 1984.
Abstract: The present study investigated two approaches to promoting the social interaction of five employees with mild disabilities with their nondisabled coworkers. The first approach, a coworker advocacy program, assisted coworker advocates to design and implement social activities with disabled employees; the second approach, a social skills training, taught targeted appropriate social behaviors to the disabled employees. An ABACA design was emplayed for the first three participants while a reversal order of interventions, ACABA, was used for the two other participants. Multiple measures were used: generalization probes on social interaction, social validation data, a social support questionnaire, and a quality of…work life scale. The results show that the coworker advocacy program was not enough by itself to induce social interaction between disabled and nondisabled workers. Delivering social skills training to disabled workers was essential and was more powerful than the coworker advocacy program. In addition, the participants scored higher on perceived social support and quality of work life after the social skills training. The majority of coworkers and supervisors perceived the participants to be more socially interactive with their coworkers after the social skills training.
Abstract: This article describes a system used in Denmark for dealing with pupils with special needs at their transitional stage of education. The kurator, usually a special teacher in the Danish elementary school, coordinates services and case manages disabled pupils from the 8th through 10th grades. Transition is a difficult time for individuals with disabilities and their families. The kurator helps ease the process by providing vocational and educational orientation for pupils and assisting them upon leaving school by contacting other agencies necessary to aid in the transition process. The kurator is available for students up to 19 years of age,…but many former pupils continue to contact their kurator after this. From available research it is clear that having a kurator is immensely valuable for students with disabilities. With the help of a kurator, they art better able to pursue education and work after leaving high school.