Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation - Volume Preprint, issue Preprint
Purchase individual online access for 1 year to this journal.
Price: EUR 185.00
Impact Factor 2017: 1.679
Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation, a peer-reviewed international scientific journal, serves as an aid to understanding the flow properties of blood and the relationship to normal and abnormal physiology. The rapidly expanding science of hemorheology concerns blood, its components and the blood vessels with which blood interacts. It includes perihemorheology, i.e., the rheology of fluid and structures in the perivascular and interstitial spaces as well as the lymphatic system. The clinical aspects include pathogenesis, symptomatology and diagnostic methods, and the fields of prophylaxis and therapy in all branches of medicine and surgery, pharmacology and drug research.
The endeavour of the Editors-in-Chief and publishers of
Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation is to bring together contributions from those working in various fields related to blood flow all over the world. The editors of
Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation are from those countries in Europe, Asia, Australia and America where appreciable work in clinical hemorheology and microcirculation is being carried out. Each editor takes responsibility to decide on the acceptance of a manuscript. He is required to have the manuscript appraised by two referees and may be one of them himself. The executive editorial office, to which the manuscripts have been submitted, is responsible for rapid handling of the reviewing process.
Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation accepts original papers, brief communications, mini-reports and letters to the Editors-in-Chief. Review articles, providing general views and new insights into related subjects, are regularly invited by the Editors-in-Chief. Proceedings of international and national conferences on clinical hemorheology (in original form or as abstracts) complete the range of editorial features.
The following professionals and institutions will benefit most from subscribing to
Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation: medical practitioners in all fields including hematology, cardiology, geriatrics, angiology, surgery, obstetrics and gynecology, ophthalmology, otology, and neurology. Pharmacologists, clinical laboratories, blood transfusion centres, manufacturing firms producing diagnostic instruments, and the pharmaceutical industry will also benefit.
Important new topics will increasingly claim more pages of
Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation: the role of hemorheological and microcirculatory disturbances for epidemiology and prognosis, in particular regarding cardiovascular disorders, as well as its significance in the field of geriatrics. Authors and readers are invited to contact the editors for specific information or to make suggestions.
Abstract: BACKGROUND : Meniscus regeneration is observed within the peripheral, vascularized zone but decreases in the inner two thirds alongside the vascularization. Within this avascular area, cell-based tissue-engineering-approaches appears to be a promising strategy for the treatment of meniscal defects. OBJECTIVE : Evaluation of the angiogenic potential of cell-based tissue-engineering-products for meniscus healing. METHODS : Evaluation of angiogenesis induced by rabbit meniscus-pellets, meniscus-cells (MC) or mesenchymal stem-cells (MSC) in cell-based tissue-engineering-products within a rabbit meniscus-ring was performed using a transparent dorsal skin fold chamber in nude mice. Observations were undertaken during a 14 days period. Cell preconditioning differed between…experimental groups. Immunohistochemical analysis of the regenerated tissue in the meniscus-ring induced by cell loaded composite scaffolds for differentiation and anti-angiogenic factors were performed. RESULTS : Meniscus-pellets and MSC-/MC-based tissue-engineering-products induced angiogenesis. An accelerated vascularization was detected in the group of meniscus-pellets derived from the vascularized zone compared to avascular meniscus-pellets. In terms of cell-based tissue-engineering-products, chondrogenic preconditioning resulted in significantly increased vessel growth. MSC-constructs showed an accelerated angiogenesis. Immunohistochemical evaluation showed a progressive differentiation and lower content for anti-angiogenic endostatin in the precultured group. CONCLUSIONS : Preconditioning of MC-/MSC-based tissue-engineering-products is a promising tool to influence the angiogenic potential of tissue-engineering-products and to adapt these properties according to the aimed tissue qualities.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Decrease or loss in splenic filtration function may influence the hemorheological state. OBJECTIVE: To follow-up the long-term effects of splenectomy, spleen autotransplantation and spleen resections on red blood cell aggregation in a canine model. METHODS: Beagle dogs were subjected to control (n = 6), splenectomy (SE, n = 4), spleen autotransplantation (AU, Furka’s spleen-chip method, n = 8) or partial and subtotal spleen resection (n = 4/each) groups, and followed-up for 18 postoperative (p.o.) months. Erythrocyte aggregation was determined in parallel by light-transmittance aggregometry (Myrenne MA-1 aggregometer) and syllectometry (LoRRca). RESULTS: Erythrocyte aggregation decreased three months…after splenectomy, with lower aggregation index and elongated aggregation time. It was more or less associated with relatively lower hematocrit and fibrinogen concentration. However, in autotransplantated animals a relatively higher fibrinogen did not increase the aggregation markedly. Spleen resection resulted in the most controversial red blood cell aggregation findings, and it seems, that the degree of the resection is an influencing factor. CONCLUSIONS: Splenectomy alters erythrocyte aggregation, spleen autotransplantation can be useful to preserve filtration function. However, the degree of restoration shows individual differences with a kind of ‘functional periodicity’. Spleen resection controversially influences erythrocyte aggregation parameters. The subtotal resection is supposed to be worse than spleen autotransplantation.
Keywords: Spleen filtration function, splenectomy, spleen autotransplantation, spleen partial or subtotal resection, red blood cell aggregation
Abstract: BACKROUND: Coronary bypass surgery using the internal mammary artery (IMA) is among the most commonly performed procedures in treatment of advanced coronary vessel disease. Further, bilateral harvesting of the IMA is associated with increased rates of sternal wound infections. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore changes in sternal perfusion, following left internal mammary artery (LIMA) harvesting. METHODS: 60 patients were divided equally into intervention- and control cohorts and underwent assessment of oxygen saturation (sO2) and relative blood flow (RBF) by laser doppler flowmetry remission spectroscopy preoperatively, 24 h and 72 h postoperatively. RESULTS: 24 h postoperatively…a significant decrease of sO2 and RBF could be detected in LIMA harvest patients. After 72 h this difference disappeared. The side comparison within the groups 24 h postoperatively revealed a reduction of sO2 on the LIMA side within both groups. Regarding the 24 h RBF in side comparison, no significant differences could be detected within the groups. The 72 h side comparison showed an increased RBF for the non-LIMA side within the control group. CONCLUSIONS: The use of the LIMA may lead to significant decreases in local tissue oxygen saturation and RBF. This reduction is mostly distinct within the first 3 days postoperatively and may influence sternal wound infections.
Abstract: PURPOSE: To investigate the value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in histologic prediction of focal liver lesions after liver transplantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 10 focal liver lesions in 10 patients after liver transplantation were scanned using CEUS and the CEUS results were compared with the histopathological results. RESULTS: Among 10 focal liver lesions, 7 proofed to be histopathological benign and 3 lesions proofed to be histopathological malignant. All lesions (100%) were correctly report as benign or malignant in the report of the CEUS examination. CONCLUSION: CEUS can be helpful in the differentiation of benign…and malignant focal liver lesions in patients after liver transplantation and can be used in clinical management of focal liver lesions.
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To identify the indications for CEUS in renal imaging in an interdisciplinary ultrasound department. METHODS: 102 CEUS examinations of the kidney in 82 patients between September 2014 and July 2016 were analysed regarding the indication for ultrasound. CEUS was performed by one experienced sonographer agent after bolus injection of 1.0 up to 2.4 ml sulphur hexafluoride microbubbles using multifrequency probes with Contrast Harmonic imaging. RESULTS: CEUS of the kidney was performed in patients from 20 to 87 years. 44% of the patients had a stage 3 of chronic kidney disease and higher 38% of the…patients had undergone a renal transplantation. No adverse events were observed. 54% of examinations were requested by nephrologists. The remaining by surgeons, oncologists or gastroenterologists. In 47% the objectives were the evaluation of complex renal cysts, in 31% the analysis of kidney perfusion, in 19% the assessment of solid renal masses. The remaining were perirenal tumours (2%) and infection (1%). CONCLUSIONS: CEUS is a good diagnostic alternative for patients with impaired renal function, complicated cysts, infections, solid renal lesions and after renal transplant.
Abstract: PURPOSE: To analyse the diagnostic performance of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in patients with vascular complications and transplant rejection compared to histopathological results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our study consisted of 45 retrospectively analysed patients that underwent liver transplantations between January 1993 and December 2015 and developed post-transplant vascular complications with transplant rejection. CEUS examinations took place between September 2006 and December 2015. CEUS findings were correlated with histopathological results. RESULTS: CEUS showed a sensitivity of 61.5%, a specificity of 100.0%, a positive predictive value (PPV) of 100.0% and a negative predictive value (NPV) of 86,5% in…the detection of vascular complications with post-transplant rejection. 5 examinations were reported as normal whereas the histopathological result showed a transplant rejection (false-negative). CONCLUSION: CEUS might be a useful additional non-invasive technique for the assessment of vascular complications with post-transplant rejection in patients after liver transplantation.
Abstract: AIM: Comparison of different ultrasound elastography techniques for detection of changes after sclerotherapy within venous malformations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In patients with venous malformations sonography was executed at exactly the same position prior to and after ethanol-gel sclerotherapy. Both examinations included B-Mode, vascular sonography with Color-Coded Duplex Sonography, and additional sonography with different elastography techniques (strain, qualitative and quantitative Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse (ARFI) elastography) with a linear transducer (6–9 MHz). Qualitative elastograms were read in consensus and scored. Differences of elasticity scores were statistically analyzed p -values <0.05 were regarded significant. RESULTS: Elasticity scores of…strain and qualitative ARFI elastography in 25 patients (21 females, averagely 24.4 years old) were comparable before treatment (p = 0.69). After therapy qualitative ARFI scores changed significantly compared to pre-treatment scores (p = 0.0017), whereas strain elastography scores revealed no changes (p = 0.13). Quantitative ARFI values obtained after sclerotherapy within the venous malformations were significantly higher compared to pre-treatment values (p = 0.049), and significantly higher to values obtained in surrounding tissue (p = 0.030). Comparison of pre- and post-treatment ARFI values of the surrounding tissue was not significant (p = 0.67). CONCLUSION: Elasticity scores of qualitative ARFI elastography reliably detect ethanol-gel induced changes in venous malformations. Quantitative ARFI may be a tool for therapy planning, and for monitoring sclerotherapy outcome as well as the effect of sclerosing agents on malformation and surrounding tissue in patients with venous malformations.
Keywords: Venous malformation, elastography, elasticity score, Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse (ARFI) imaging, therapy control
Abstract: To evaluate the effectiveness of high-resolution contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) to diagnose early post-operative complications in an interdisciplinary intensive care unit. In 50 patients (male 32; female 18) 64 CEUS examinations were performed in an intensive care unit (ICU) setting to detect post-operative complications. Multi-frequency transducer (1–5 and/or 6–9 MHz) were used. All 64 examinations were performed by one experienced examiner. CEUS findings were compared with contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) findings. CECT images were acquired within 1–24 hours after CEUS examination in arterial and portal-venous phases of the abdomen using either a 16-slice computed tomography scanner or a 128-dual slice computed…tomography scanner. In 56 out of 64 cases (88%) the CEUS-based diagnosis corresponded with the CECT diagnosis. Vascular stenosis in hepatic arteries and portal veins were recognised in both imaging modalities but were evaluated differently [5 cases]. In 3 cases (5%) small peripheral splenic infarction, retroperitoneal hematoma and fluid collection around the liver were not diagnosed by CEUS. CONCLUSION: CEUS in an ICU setting enables a reliable detection of postoperative abdominal complications as compared to CECT.
Abstract: In this brief review, we have examined some clinical conditions that result to be associated to an altered hemorheological profile and at times accompanied by skin ulcers. This skin condition may be observed in patients with the following condtions, such as primary polycythemic hyperviscosity (polycythemia, thrombocytemia) treated with hydroxyurea, primary plasma hyperviscosity (multiple myeloma, cryoglobulinemia, cryofibrinogenemia, dysfibrinogenemia, and connective tissue diseases), primary sclerocythemic hyperviscosity (hereditary spherocytosis, thalassemia, and sickle cell disease). In addition, it may be present in patients with secondary hyperviscosity conditions such as diabetes mellitus, arterial hypertension, critical limb ischemia and chronic venous insufficiency.