Affiliations: Universität Stuttgart, Institut für Sport- und Bewegungswissenschaft, Allmandring, Stuttgart, Germany | Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart Research Centre for Simulation Technology (SRC SimTech), Pfaffenwaldring, Stuttgart, Germany | Friedrich-Schiller-Universität, Institut für Sportwissenschaft, Lehrstuhl für Bewegungswissenschaft, Seidelstrasse, Jena, Germany
Note:  Corresponding author: D. Haeufle, Universität Stuttgart, Institut für Sport- und Bewegungswissenschaft, Allmandring 28, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany. E-mail: email@example.com
Abstract: Recently, the hyperbolic Hill-type force-velocity relation was derived from basic physical components. It was shown that a contractile element CE consisting of a mechanical energy source (active element AE), a parallel damper element (PDE), and a serial element (SE) exhibits operating points with hyperbolic force-velocity dependency. In this paper, a technical proof of this concept was presented. AE and PDE were implemented as electric motors, SE as a mechanical spring. The force-velocity relation of this artificial CE was determined in quick release experiments. The CE exhibited hyperbolic force-velocity dependency. This proof of concept can be seen as a well-founded starting point for the development of Hill-type artificial muscles.